Africa to see huge population rise

The UN’s latest Word Population Prospects report, released this week projection show that the global population will soar to 11 billion by the end of the century.

The most startling figures emerge from Africa, where three quarters of the growth takes place. By 2100, Africa’s population is expected to reach 4.1 billion people. That would equal more than a third of the total population. Four African nations will contribute the majority of growth: Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of Congo. In Nigeria, the population will reach 914 million, surpassing the United States. With 160 million, Kenya currently rated 31st in world would become the world’s 15th most populous nation.

The reason for Africa’s overall growth is straightforward. Since 2010, fifteen sub-Saharan nations saw a five per cent increase in their fertility rates. In addition, medical advancements have seen improved life expectancies in the developing world. The Least Developed Countries (LDCs) have an estimated life expectancy of 58 years, but by 2100 it could reach 78 years.

Other regions of the world, however, show declines. Europe’s population will drop by 14 per cent and China’s will decrease, as India transitions into the world’s most populous nation.

Graphics:

Top 10 in 2013:

China 1.4 billion

India 1.2 billion

USA 320 million

Indonesia 250 million

Brazil 200 million

Pakistan 182 million

Nigeria 174 million

Bangladesh 157 million

Russian Federation 143 million

Japan 127 million

Kenya = 31st, 44 million

Top 10 in 2100:

India 1.6 billion

China 1.1 billion

Nigeria 914 million

USA 462 million

Indonesia 315 million

United Rep. of Tanzania 276 million

Pakistan 263 million

Dem. Rep. of the Congo 262 million

Ethiopia 243 million

Uganda 205 million

Kenya = 15th, 160 million